Renewable energy like solar, wind, biomass, geothermal and hydro provides substantial benefit for climate, health and economy.
Nearly zero emissions
According to data aggregated by the International Panel on Climate Change, life-cycle global warming emissions associated with renewable energy—including manufacturing, installation, operation and maintenance, and dismantling and decommissioning — are minimal
Hydropower emits 0.1-0.5 pouns of carbon dioxide equivalent per kilowatt-hour (CO2E/kwh), compared to natural gas which emits 0.6-2 pounds of CO2E/kWh, and coal, which emits 1.4-3.6 pounds of CO2E/kWh.
Generating electricity from renewable energy rather than fossil fuels offers significant public health benefits. The air and water pollution emitted by coal and natural gas plants is linked to breathing problems, neurological damage, heart attacks, and cancer. Replacing fossil fuels with renewable energy has been found to reduce premature mortality and lost workdays, and it reduces overall healthcare costs.
Fossil fuels have significant impact on air and water, while renewable energy like Wind, solar, and hydropower systems generate electricity with no associated emissions.
Vast and Inexhaustible Energy Supply
Within Indonesia, strong winds, sunny skies, heat from the earth, and fast-moving water can each provide a vast and constantly replenished energy resource supply.
These diverse sources of renewable energy have the technical potential to provide all the electricity the nation needs.
Jobs and Other Economic Benefits
Compared with fossil fuel technologies, which are typically mechanized and capital intensive, the renewable energy industry is more labor-intensive. This means that, on average, more jobs are created for each unit of electricity generated from renewable sources than from fossil fuels.
In addition to the jobs directly created in the renewable energy industry, growth in renewable energy industry creates positive economic “ripple” effects. For example, industries in the renewable energy supply chain will benefit, and unrelated local businesses will benefit from increased household and business incomes.
In addition to creating new jobs, increasing our use of renewable energy offers other important economic development benefits. Local governments collect property and income taxes and other payments from renewable energy project owners. These revenues can help support vital public services, especially in rural communities where projects are often located.
Stable Energy Price
Renewable energy is providing affordable electricity across the country and can help stabilize energy prices in the future.
While renewable facilities require upfront investments to build, once built they operate at very low cost and, for most technologies, the fuel is free. As a result, renewable energy prices are relatively stable over time.
Using more renewable energy can lower the prices of and demand for natural gas and coal by increasing competition and diversifying our energy supplies. An increased reliance on renewable energy can help protect consumers when fossil fuel prices spike.
In addition, utilities spend millions of dollars on financial instruments to hedge themselves from these fossil fuel price uncertainties. Since hedging costs are not necessary for electricity generated from renewable sources, long-term renewable energy investments can help utilities save money they would otherwise spend to protect their customers from the volatility of fossil fuel prices.